Tashkent hosted an international conference
Fostering a Well Educated and Intellectually Advanced Generation as a Crucial
Prerequisite for Sustainable Development and Modernization of the Country.
Eldar Rakhmatullayev, UT
Reforming and development of education system,
preparation of Uzbekistan’s
new generation of professionals became priority of state policy since the
earliest days of independence. This choice is explained by the fact that over
62% of the population is young people under the age of 30. In current conditions
only those countries can achieve the objectives of democratic development,
modernization and renewal where among the main priorities stand human capital,
training of an educated and intellectually advanced generation.
impossible to achieve sustainable development in Uzbekistan without fundamental
restructuring and reforming the educational system which existed for years. Two
laws "On education" and "On the national program for
training" were deeply though-out during drafting and adopted in 1997
became the platform for gradual reforming of our education system. In his
speech at the international conference Fostering a Well Educated and
Intellectually Advanced Generation as a Crucial Prerequisite for Sustainable
Development and Modernization of the Country President of Uzbekistan Islam
Karimov said, “The program, itself is a product of an in-depth research and
study, summary of the practice hoarded by advanced nations, aims to completely
eliminate stereotypes and dogmas of the communist ideology imposed in the past,
consolidation of democratic values in the minds of people, first and foremost
among the growing generation. In a word, the program is directed at nurturing a
comprehensively advanced individual with independence in thinking and outlook,
with its own preferences and firm civic position in life.”
annual expenditures for development and reforming the education in Uzbekistan
make 10-12 % of the GDP, while their share in national budget expenditures
exceeds 35 percent – this by itself serves as a particular confirmation of the
tremendous attention being paid to this sphere. People say that one sum spent
on education will eventually produce profit of seven sums. And this folk wisdom
is confirmed in practice. According to prestigious international financial
institutions, despite the ongoing global financial crisis, Uzbekistan keeps stable and high
economic growth rates. GDP has increased 2.1 times, compared with 2000.
conference, held at the initiative of President Islam Karimov, was attended by
representatives of the UN, international organizations and educational
institutions from 48 countries. During the forum, they visited schools,
colleges and higher educational institutions; they get acquainted with the
learning process and the conditions created here for upbringing harmonically
developed generation. The details of the education system were introduced at
the plenary meeting. All the achievements and prospects were discussed in
detail by the participants through the prism of global trends during six
repeatedly noted that the peculiarity of educational reforms in Uzbekistan
is characterized by its comprehensive, all-embracing nature. In the course of
their implementation the state assumed the functions of the initiator and
guarantor of the modernization of education; it provides high quality of
training, competitiveness and pertinence of specialists for the labor market.
There have been meaningful structural, organizational and substantial changes. Uzbekistan
has introduced a 12-year universal compulsory and free education system on the
scheme 9+3. Following the nine years of study in a general school, during the
ensuing three years young people attend specialized professional colleges and
academic lyceums where every one of them, along with the general disciplines,
obtains vocational training on 2-3 professions in demand in the labor market.
No less important is the fact that the domestic education system has become
truly continuous and successive; it fully meets the requirements of the modern
paradigm Education through Life.
the country has 9,797 schools, about six thousand pre-school and after-school
educational institutions. 1,537 professional colleges and academic lyceums
successively operate nowadays in the country. Moreover, 59 higher education
institutions and their 11 branches in regions along with 6 branches of the
leading foreign universities are implementing educational and professional
programs on topical areas of undergraduate and graduate majors. Centers and
institutes of training and retraining of specialists are actively developing.
It is noteworthy that the number of professional education institutions has
more than doubled since the independence. Remarkably, the educational
institutions operate in the country in close collaboration with organizations
and companies - customers of working personnel and results of intellectual
The basis for educating the younger generation
process of reforming, school education remained compulsory and free, but it has
become nine years for all pupils. School plays important role in conducting
comprehensive development of children and preparing them to receive vocational
training. The pre-school educational institutions prepare children for school
while extracurricular institutions facilitate young children to disclosure
country's school education has undergone significant upgrade in recent years.
As part of the "National Program for Basic Education" about nine
thousand schools were repaired, renovated and built during 2004-2009, their
material-technical base was strengthened. Much attention was paid to outfit
schools with modern electronic equipment, to update the state educational
standards and training programs, to retrain and provide professional
development for teachers and to the publishing of new textbooks.
have modern classrooms equipped with all needed furniture for chemistry,
physics, biology, computer science, labor training and sport. The office of
psychological support is a new and important component of school. It helps pupil to determine their future
profession. It makes sure that each student by the end of ninth grade has his
own, independent choice for future profession.
Training qualified professionals
introduction of compulsory secondary special and professional education in Uzbekistan
has created unprecedented conditions for the formation of the country's labor
market where now involved workers only with professional training. Just this
determines the direction of improving the education system at the present stage
of its development.
of vocational education has task to deliberately train young professionals.
Today, colleges are not simply the institutions which are engaged in training
the young generation of professionals using modern teaching and production
equipment; they also care about the fact that each graduate student, upon the
completion of his training, gets a job. In this regard much attention is paid
to strengthen the system of training young professionals in tandem
"college-to-business." A college gives general training and knowledge,
while a factory or a company gives to a student the practical training and
subsequent employment. Such approach facilitates to train specialists by
intention, so future worker meets the requirements of a particular employer.
important that after 12-year compulsory education everyone by his or her choice
can continue study at higher education institutions to obtain undergraduate and
Priorities for higher education
dramatic transformation in higher education began in 1997 after the adoption of
the Law of Uzbekistan “On education”. Then the higher education became a
two-step. Today, universities prepare professionals with Bachelor and Master’s
degree. The main directions of higher education’s development at current stage
are defined in the adopted, the last year, ‘Program of modernization of
material-technical base of higher educational institutions and a fundamental
improvement of the training,’ calculated until 2015. Today, universities are
developing as centers of education and science.
The list of
areas and specialties of higher education is revisited, as well as state
standards for training specialists in universities. There were changes in the
quota of admission; the volume of training in engineering, construction and
technical fields has increased.
the material and technical base has begun. Over the next five years, 19
universities will be almost completely renovated and remodeled, some of them
will add new academic buildings. More than 226 college and university teaching
labs will get new equipment.
issues regarding the training of the teaching staff will find their
solutions. The matters of publishing
educational literature of a new generation and other tasks that are important
to ensure the quality of higher education will also be solved.
Along the way of computerization
ameliorating the educational process the focus is given to computerization. All
educational, scientific, cultural and educational institutions of the country
are connected to the national educational portal ZiyoNet and to the Internet.
This allows educational establishments to introduce into the educational
process distance learning methods and a wide range of information and
communication services for students.
beginning of the academic year 2011-2012 Uzbekistan launched a high-speed
network, E-education, based on VPN-technology. It linked all higher educational
institutions of the country, units of the Ministry of Higher and Secondary
Special Education, Fund Istedod. It will
be connected to the professional colleges and academic lyceums in the coming
years. The network is used for conducting video conferences among universities.
During the next five years, it will have virtual library that will eventually
unite electronic records of all educational institutions of the country.
of outfitting the classrooms of the higher education institutions with modern
computer equipment is going on especially actively. They are supplied with
interactive boards and special systems Teacher 60. They allow lecturers to make
the learning process more informative, insightful and entertaining.
Education and science go hand in hand
stage of education system’s development in Uzbekistan is characterized by
strengthening the scientific potential of higher education institutions and the
integration of the learning process with innovative activities through
transferring to the jurisdiction of universities a range of academic research
institutions and through creation of new, modern inter-university
scientific-laboratorial facilities of joint-use.
young scientists of the country are trained in institutes of
interns-researchers-candidates and senior fellow researchers. This system
replaced the post-graduate and doctoral studies. The main advantage of the new
system is that it creates entirely new conditions for engaging in science
inter-university research laboratories of shared use will be established in the
country until 2015. Their mission is to make researches and to train scientists
on the most pressing scientific issues using the latest equipment.
National University of Uzbekistan and the Academy
of Sciences, with the leading British
institution – Cambridge University, are setting up the educational and experimental
Center of High Technologies. It is tasked with
teaching talented students, postgraduates and young academics the modern
methods of conducting applied innovative scientific research in chemistry,
physics, biology, biochemistry, biophysics, geology and geodesy.
research institution is the International Institute for Solar Energy in Tashkent which will
prepare young promising scientists and will conduct researches on pressing
problems of development. It was recently established by the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Asian Development Bank.
Education and cultural development
education system not only gives broad knowledge and master skills, but also
makes obligatory for its students to study foreign language as an essential
condition for active interaction with their peers from other countries. It
broadens awareness of everything what is happening in the world, helps
mastering world's great intellectual heritage.
system of education the country attaches a great importance to teaching pupils
not merely liberal arts and vocational skills, but also required learning of
foreign languages, for this is critical for them to maintain pro-active
communication with their counterparts abroad, get extensive knowledge of everything
that is going on around the globe, and command the august world of intellectual
art play important role in upbringing educated and intellectually advanced
generation. That is why the development of children's sports is in the center
of attention in Uzbekistan.
All educational institutions of the republic have winter and summer sporting
facilities. Young people can train at children's sports facilities, with all
necessary conditions for the sport, under the guidance of experienced coaches.
Various after-school centers such as Children's Center Barkamol Avlod and
children's school of music and art have an important role in preserving
national traditions and crafts, as well as in familiarizing the youth with
world-wide cultural values.
impossible to imagine a modern system of education without professional
colleges and higher educational institutions which train coaches and teachers
on subjects related to culture and art.
participants of the conference have noted that the successes achieved by Uzbekistan in state and public policy,
progressive reforms in education, high level of education and professionalism
have allowed Uzbekistan
to raise its prestige in the international community, and boosted investment
attractiveness of the country. In the resolution of the international
conference Fostering a Well Educated and Intellectually Advanced Generation as
a Crucial Prerequisite for Sustainable Development and Modernization of the
Country the participants stressed that the experience of Uzbekistan is a good and valuable
example of reforming an education system.
In close co-operation
Viktor Sadovnichiy, Rector of Moscow
the Moscow State University and Uzbekistan are linked not only by a joint
project - the Tashkent branch of the Moscow State University with enrollment of
talented and intelligent Uzbeks – but also by many other spheres, both in
education and science.
Istedod closely cooperates with us. Under its programs hundreds of young and
talented teachers from Uzbekistan
have been trained in Moscow.
We are also pleased that students of Moscow
who are studying the Uzbek language have opportunity to come to Uzbekistan
at our University, we held a conference on the role of Tashkent in preservation Russian science. I
must say that this role is great in fact. During the Second World War, many
Russian scientists have moved to Uzbekistan, where they lived and
continued their researches.
and educational ties between our two countries continue to flourish today. In
particular, our university is in close contact with specialists from the
National University of Uzbekistan and Samarkand State
all this plays an important role in addressing urgent challengesthe preparation
of promising young professionals.
Promising joint projects
Richard Harvey, University of East Anglia (UK):
and science develop inextricably. Our university and the higher educational
institutions of Uzbekistan
have similar views on that matter. In our mutual belief, the development of
education significantly depends on further cooperation among universities from
conference, I saw with great delight the exposition of scientific achievements
of the National University of Uzbekistan. It has convincingly shown that Uzbek
universities do not only train specialists, but also supply scientific
solutions to pressing problems in the development of production and sectors of
In future I
would like to establish contacts with Uzbek universities that conduct
researches in biology and develop systems for protecting environment. We can be
useful to each other, both in science as well as in preparing the younger
generation of specialists in these important spheres.
Abdul Rida Assyrii, Professor of Political Science, College of Social Sciences
Uzbekistan has a developed
education system. Excellent conditions have been created in educational
institutions for the preparation of educated and intellectually advanced
generation, who will be directly involved in the development and modernization
of the state.
frameworks of the conference I visited schools, colleges and higher educational
institutions of the country. It was a great pleasure to have opportunity to
give a lecture to students of the Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies.
contact with the students and fellow teachers from Uzbekistan allowed me to see with
my own eyes that much attention is paid in the country to create conditions for
learning and work of teachers. Lessons are held in modern classrooms fitted out
with new training equipment and what is important, teachers do use modern teaching
Preparing professionals in demand
Geoffrey Petts, Vice-Chancellor of University
of Westminster (UK):
in the world focus on the creation and development of international higher
educational institutions whose diplomas are recognized not only in the country
where the training was actually conducted, but also in other states without
additional procedures of nostrification. Uzbekistan is not an exception; the
development of education is one of priority in state’s policy.
of such higher education institutions is the Westminster
set up ten years ago. It was opened on the initiative of the Uzbek government.
Our local partners wanted to establish a brand-new university on the market of
educational services. And with joint efforts we created it.
University is the university with the highest
standards of quality education. Its graduates work at the leading enterprises
most of which are joint ventures, and make a worthy contribution to the
development of the country. Notably, more than 90% of our graduates get job in Tashkent during the first
months after receiving diplomas.
achievements, we plan to strengthen further the Westminster
in Tashkent so
it has a larger voice in the world as a full-fledged academic center, where the
objectives of education and science are getting combined.
Accessible and mandatory
Suzuki Yoshikazu, Professor, Tokyo
University of Foreign Languages (Japan):
heard about Uzbekistan
and its system of education many times. Much has been told to me by Uzbek
students who came to study in our University and by our students who visited Uzbekistan.
Good opportunity to visit the country occurred for me as part of the
international conference, recently held in Tashkent.
teacher, I was especially interested to get acquainted with Uzbekistan’s system of education,
which in many ways is unique. Vocational education is not only affordable but
also mandatory in this country. Getting a profession is part of educational
service package provided during free twelve years long compulsory education.
Such opportunities are now available not so far in many countries.
of higher education is also tuned well. Priority in its development is given to
the process of integrating education, science and industry, as well as to
international cooperation. In this context, I would like to establish fruitful
cooperation with colleagues from the Uzbek State World Languages University
and Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies.
New horizons for cooperation
Siddhard Chandra, Director of the Center
of Asian Studies at the University of Michigan
cooperates with the National University of Uzbekistan for many years. We have a
joint development - a new variety of potato which is characterized by its
resistance to diseases and high yield capacities.
to further cooperation, today, the National University of Uzbekistan as well as
our University pays much attention to train specialists in the circumstances of
integrating education, science and production. In this field we have some
developments of mutual interest. We could share them with each other and be
useful to one another in terms of training professionals in science, ecology,
water resources, zoology, philology and in other fields.
is in the hands of young people, those upcoming professionals trained by
teachers of our generation. In order to improve the quality of training young
specialists, we would like to continue students and young teachers exchange
programs with the National University, Fund Istedod and with other educational
institutions of Uzbekistan.
Exchange of experience and such cooperation will positively affect the
development of two countries.
Care to each youngster
Kalle Kuttis, Vice-Chancellor of the Ministry of Education
and Science of Estonia:
experience of Uzbekistan
in the field of caring for the younger generation, participation in planning
future life of every girl and every boy deserves high praises and detailed
study. Law guaranteed free and mandatory twelve-year education scheme,
consisted of nine years of schooling plus three years of studying in a lyceums
or in a high school is directed not only to foster harmoniously developed young
generation of the country, but also gives professional skills to each of them.
experience of Uzbekistan
in implementing state programs aimed at creating equal conditions for
children’s education in city and in countryside is exciting. Using foreign
constructed, reconstructed, refurbished and rigged with modern training
equipment many schools, colleges and lyceums, which are involved in
implementing the provisions of the law on compulsory free twelve year
education. The material-technical base of professional colleges draws
attention. These institutions have all necessary conditions so that a student
can obtain primary skills of working on professional modern equipment within
the walls of his school.
country's experience in providing colleges with educational literature is also
noteworthy. Via information and resource centers students may access a wide
range of literature both of domestic and foreign publishers. In addition, the
country has issued its own textbooks on each subject.
A solid backbone for tomorrow
Abdulmannon Mullah Mamor U Bar, Professor, Om al-Kora
University (Saudi Arabia):
Uzbekistan has created perfect
conditions for harmonious, all-round education of the younger generation.
Children have been provided with modern schools, where they receive strong
knowledge which can build them successful career. It is very important that
under this law, the nine-year school education and three years of secondary
special and vocational education system embraces all children; it is a powerful
and stable foundation for country’s sustainable and progressive development in
institutions are fitted with modern training equipment. The schools have
laboratory facilities necessary for learning the basics of chemistry, physics,
biology and computer science. The lyceums use the equipment you need to acquire
first professional skills, just within the walls of the educational
institution. Classes are conducted using modern multimedia technology and
modern teaching techniques.
facilities in schools and great work undertaken by administrations to organize
a meaningful leisure time for students are important components for overall and
harmonious development of students. Life of educational institutions is full of
various cultural activities.