The Disarmament Commission was established in June 1978 at the first UN General Assembly Special Disarmament Session established in 1952as a successor of the Disarmament Commission under the Security Council. It is an advisory body subordinate to the UN General Assembly. The Commission is open to all Member States.
Assistant UN Secretary-General and High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Kim Won-soo, having spoken at the UN headquarters in New York at the opening of the Disarmament Commission session, said: "In recent years, the international community has made a significant progress in addressing the problems associated with conventional arms. However, there are still differences on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation." He recalled on development and adoption of the legally binding Arms Trade Treaty aimed at curbing the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons, as well as success in the fight against illegal trafficking of conventional weapons. "I hope that discussion of this issue at the Commission session in the framework of the conventional arms agenda item will rest on these achievements and promote their adoption," - the UN representative said. He has also expressed concern over the fact that in the last 11 months it has been being seen a paralysis in the nuclear disarmament efforts.
"Next month the work on development of effective legal norms on nuclear disarmament will be resumed in Geneva. Despite this process I want to remind you that the Disarmament Commission has a unique and special role in terms of its experience in achieving consensus", - the Assistant UN Secretary-General said recalling the universal nature of the Commission. He called to achieve simultaneous progress in disarmament on several fronts, including those associated with emergence of new trends and advanced technologies, which complicate strategic relations and stability. Speaking about the future tasks of the Disarmament Commission, Kim Won-soo said that this body has the authority to admit to examination the third item of its agenda and expressed hope that this session will address the issue of outer space security. "Discussion of this issue by the Commission will contribute to consolidation and promotion of the various proposals to ensure space free of conflicts ...", - the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs said. He recalled the initiative of the Russian Federation in this context.