The materials about the progress of Uzbekistan in achieving the MDGs have been distributed as an official document of the OSCE in Vienna, headquarters of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
In September 2000 the leaders of 189 Member States of the United Nations signed the Millennium Declaration and pledged to promote human development by setting up eight Millennium Development Goals that are quantifiable and time-bound. It was planned to achieve them by 2015.
The document notes that the Millennium Development Goals have been adapted for Uzbekistan taking into account the country-specific conditions. For each national MDG, Uzbekistan set up its own progress indicators and targets for 2015. In particular, during the years of independence, Uzbekistan has developed an effective technical, technological and financial basis for a long-term and sustainable economic growth. The structural reforms to develop the key industries and expand investments in infrastructure were among the key factors contributing to the achievement of the targets. From the first days of independence, Uzbekistan consistently works on the modernization, technical and technological renovation of the key economic sectors, including the fuel and energy sectors, ferrous and non-ferrous metal industries. Consistent progress of the sectors played an important role in ensuring the accelerated growth.
The document also focused on the strong social policy of the country. In 2001-2013, against the backdrop of the economic growth, the public spending in the social sphere expanded from 47.6% in 2001 to 58.6% in 2013. In addition to increases in social expenditures, targeted social protection enabled the security of people.
It was noted that despite all the challenges posed by an unstable global economy, Uzbekistan has achieved the national development goals, which are in harmony with the global objectives of the Millennium Development Goals. “Despite all the challenges posed by an unstable global economy, Uzbekistan was able to maintain a balance between the most important key development goals, namely: ensuring rapid economic growth through structural reforms and improving the welfare of all strata of the population,” states the document.