One of the goals of the "Health-3" project is the strengthening of the system for preventing and controlling the spread of non-communicable diseases.
What has been done and what needs to be done? Uzbekistan Today interviewed the coordinator of the project, Shukhrat Shukurov.
- Our goal is to strengthen the capacity of public health institutions for effective prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. Ultimately, this should lead to reduction in mortality from infectious diseases. Work is conducted in two directions.
Firstly, we are researching the risk factors for contracting noncommunicable diseases. In 2012-2015, we carried out a study on the risk factors for noncommunicable diseases with technical support from the WHO. The research was based on the methodology of the World Health Organization- STEPS. At the moment, we are processing the data. The research results will be used for the planning and implementation of effective measures to combat non-communicable diseases in Uzbekistan. In addition, the project serves as a starting point for monitoring the implementation of the Global Objectives in combating non-communicable diseases by 2025.
Proposals for further development of the system of epidemiological surveillance of hypertension in Uzbekistan are developed in collaboration with the department of cardiovascular disease and stroke prevention of the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention CDC (Atlanta).
We are engaged in health promotion and prevention of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. A set of measures to ensure healthy nutrition of the population of Uzbekistan for the period 2015-2020 years, which is being implemented at the moment was approved by the Cabinet of Ministers.
At the same time, we are preparing for launching a project to improve the infrastructure for a healthy lifestyle in the cities and villages. The implementation of a pilot version in Karshi and Karshi district of Kashkadarya region, as well as district and Yazyavan Margilan Fergana region will begin this year.
The factors leading to the development of non-communicable diseases will be reduced. The population will receive assistance in breaking bad habits, guidelines for healthier diet and lifestyle. The project targets schools, medical fascilities, and mahallas.
Particular attention is paid to the improvement of services provided by family clinics and rural health units to combat hypertension and diabetes. National protocols are developed on the basis of clinical protocols PEN/World Health Organization. It is now possible to identify patients, 40 years and older, with a risk of cardiovascular diseases. Integrated management of patients with hypertension and diabetes will be provided. Advice on healthy eating, physical activity, quitting tobacco and alcohol will be easily available. The project is being implemented in Kashkadarya and Ferghana regions.