The development evolution: from the chalk blackboard to the interactive whiteboard.
Chalk blackboards appeared in the early nineteenth century. Initially, each student has an individual board of small size. Later for the convenience of explanation of the material classes were provided with large blackboards. The disadvantages of their use are known to almost all - after writing a chalk dust produced, which cause allergic reactions in some people, and always leaves stains on clothes. In this regard, in the middle of the 20th century whiteboards with colored markers to write got popularized in western countries. In the 80s of the last century the Japanese corporation created the copying board. To provide the audience with information, which was written by the teacher on the board, it was necessary to click on the button and all the data quickly printed on one page. The world’s first interactive whiteboard was demonstrated by Smart Technologies in 1991, the opportunity to assess all its advantages were given to teachers in schools. Over the past five years, the whiteboards are getting implemented in Uzbekistan as well.
Whiteboard is an urgent need, or a tribute to time?
“Improving the quality of education is one of the main tasks of our state. Modern information technology market each year offers innovative solutions to achieve this goal. One of them is the use of interactive whiteboard,” considers Galina Kim, headmaster of the school# 260 in Tashkent. “Interactive technologies are able to change the nature of education and the principle of supplying the material, their use impacts on the equipment of educational institutions. These technologies make the training material more accessible to the assimilation of the students.”
Understanding the needs of the modern approach to learning, teachers are constantly improving their skill level, and they are seeking to acquire the computer technology. Teachers attend trainings, participate in computer lessons competitions, and create their own methodological developments. Necessary conditions have been created in advanced training institutes.
These successes impact on improving user interaction with the software system - an interactive dialogue. The mastery of such skills will allow to replace the traditional bulky manuals to multimedia ones. Yet this process takes several years for sure.
However, the schools in Uzbekistan have already begun the process of implementing the next generation of technologies. So, the school #283 of Yunusobod district in Tashkent is testing the country’s first smart class. Here, the entire educational process is based on the use of advanced interactive technologies. Teacher works with an interactive whiteboard, and students with tablets.