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Home / Analysis / "Ijtimoiy Fikr" revealed religious views...

"Ijtimoiy Fikr" revealed religious views of Uzbekistan citizens

In the society there is a process of comprehension of Islamic values. This is evidenced by the results of the research of the Ijtimoiy Fikr center, which studied the opinions of over 1,100 residents of different parts of the country. Sociologists studied the trends and characteristics of the development of religious consciousness and behavior of Uzbek people, especially those who profess Islam, identified and analyzed the factors that determined the current state of religiosity, the social mood of the inhabitants of the republic.

Secular way

90.1 percent of people positively assess the current policy in the country in the sphere of religion. Meanwhile, 1.3 percent of the opinion poll participants believe that excessive strengthening of the religious factor in public life can negatively affect the secular foundations of the state.

Most positively characterize the conditions created in the country to meet religious needs. For example, they think so 100 percent of the inhabitants of Navoi,

98 percent of Namangan, 96 percent of the Syrdarya and 94 percent of the Ferghana region. However, 28.1 percent of representatives of the Samarkand region are unhappy with the conditions for believers.

The activity of ministers of mosques registered in the country remains in the spotlight of the public. There is an increase in the number of respondents who positively evaluate the activity of imam-hatibs. At the same time 57.6 percent of the poll participants say that the ministers of religious institutions (Islamic and other confessions) should not engage in politics.

Religious enlightenment

If in the period 2014-2016 the number of respondents who consider their knowledge of Islam to be sufficient varied between 12-17 percent, then in 2017 this indicator decreased by almost 4 percent and amounted to 8.6 percent. In Andijan, Ferghana and Navoi regions, there is a significant increase in the number of citizens who estimate their knowledge of Islam as sufficient. There are more of them among the townspeople. Relatively high self-esteem is maintained among respondents older than 50 years. The elderly are more active than others in raising religious knowledge.

But more knowledge of people about Islam, its norms remain at the everyday level. 78.5 percent of the respondents know only some of the requirements of Islam and consider their knowledge in this direction insufficient. According to the regions, this is the opinion of the residents of Namangan (97 percent), Bukhara (93.7), Jizzakh (91), Syrdarya (86), Tashkent (83) regions and the capital (83.1).

The level of religiosity is largely influenced by information sources. The survey showed that the main channels are the family (24 percent), the media (20.9), neighbors and friends (17.6). The number of respondents who believe that mosques and imam-hatibs play a leading role in religious education decreased by 5.3 percent. One-fifth prefer to independently learn the essence of Islam, studying religious literature. Slightly more than three percent of citizens use the materials of special Internet resources.
Among the readers of religious literature the most popular are the hadiths. At the same time, 82.6 percent of respondents answered that they do not read religious books. Most of all in Karakalpakstan (98 percent), Samarkand (91.2) and Jizzakh (91) regions.

An important issue is to protect young people from destructive forces, to prevent them from falling under the influence of religious extremist ideologies. In the opinion of 31 percent of respondents, the danger is represented by Internet sites and portals of questionable content, where religious information is presented in a distorted form. 16 percent among the reasons called unemployment among youth, 14 percent - the desire to quickly make big money, 13 percent - lack of control by parents.
To protect the population from the influence of radical ideologies, it is important to pay attention to education in the family, about 77 percent of respondents think. Many hold the view that it is necessary to ensure the employment of youth through the organization of useful leisure. An effective measure is the strengthening of spiritual and moral and patriotic education in schools, lyceums, colleges, universities, raising the welfare of families.



Family values

The system of family values influences people's way of life. 87.4 percent of the respondents believe that the family plays an important role in preventing and the prevention of unseemly acts. 50.6 percent of respondents consider culture of behavior and moral criteria as a deterrent, 43.2 percent - religious education and fear of sin.

The number of respondents who estimate the way of life of their families as secular has decreased by 14.2 percent. More of those in Jizzakh (93.2 percent), Navoi (91), Surkhandarya (87), Syrdarya (82) regions and Karakalpakstan (74). In other regions, the indicator varies from 15 to 69 percent.

Only 3.3 percent of people characterize the way of life of families as religious, where all its members perform the necessary religious rituals and rituals. The residents of Namangan, Ferghana, Tashkent, Syrdarya, Khorezm regions and Tashkent say about it is more often. While in Jizzakh, Navoi, Samarkand regions and Karakalpakstan, no respondent considers the family religious.

None of the survey participants indicated the possibility of the emergence of strained, unfriendly relations between representatives of different religions. This is largely facilitated by a deliberate policy in Uzbekistan aimed at ensuring interethnic and interfaith harmony in society.

Pilgrimage

Interest in the pilgrimage to Mecca remains significant in the society.

On average, the number of people who noted that their parents or other close relatives committed hajj increased by three percent.

1.4 percent of respondents did it personally. There were more of them in Karakalpakstan, Bukhara, Andijan regions and Tashkent.

52.2 percent of respondents - more often the representatives of the capital, Ferghana, Surkhandarya, Namangan and Andijan regions - want to sometime perform the Hajj.

Residents go to local shrines. This is typical for Bukhara (90 percent), Samarkand (85.6), Jizzakh (82), Navoi (82) and the Ferghana citizens (79). At the same time, almost a third of the respondents said that more did not go to the shrines of Uzbekistan and in the near future do not plan them to visit.
Among those who actively visit local shrines, most of all representatives of public health, education, agriculture, students and students, pensioners and housewives.

Threats to stability

Almost three quarters of the respondents estimate the level of satisfaction with socio-economic and spiritual needs as good, 25.6 percent - as the average. Anxious moods are inherent in 1.8 percent of respondents. This indicator has increased almost by half in comparison with the similar indicator of 2016. As reasons, people point to a rise in prices in the market and worsening financial situation, concern for the future of the country and children, the situation in the world, natural disasters, catastrophes.
Almost 70 percent of respondents consider religious extremism and terrorism to be the most serious problem for Central Asian countries. Most of all, this problem worries residents of Bukhara, Khorezm and Ferghana regions. Among the threats to stability, respondents called environmental problems, drug trafficking, and the mercenary interference of other states in political processes.

The vast majority of participants in the study are negative to destructive acts of religious extremist trends. They believe that the forces nurturing the idea of organizing terrorist acts in Uzbekistan will never achieve their destructive goals. At the same time, citizens note the need to continue to strengthen cooperation with other states in this direction. Among the strategic partners in countering extremism and terrorism are Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, China and the United States.
Strengthening civil, interethnic, interfaith peace is one of the priority areas of the Strategy of Actions in the sphere of ensuring security in the republic. The country continues to do a large-scale work to bring to the population the invaluable spiritual heritage of the great thinkers, united by the motto "Against ignorance - by enlightenment". As the President emphasized, the struggle against extremism and terrorism only by force does not justify itself. One of the priorities today is the inculcation of a healthy attitude to religion on vital and effective examples.
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